One of the most spectacular performing arts of Rajasthan, Bhawai Dance Rajasthan is a traditional folk dance that can be traced to the feudal era. A thrilling pot balancing dance of the snake charmer tribe, Bhawai or Bhavai is performed with immense skill. This dance form showcases the art of dancing and gyrating even while balancing many articles and items on one's head.
Bhawai Dance Form Rajasthan India is mainly performed by veiled women dancers balancing as many as seven or nine brass pitchers on their heads as they dance nimbly, often pirouetting and swaying with their feet resting atop a glass or on the edge of a sword.
Bhawai or Bhavai is the traditional folk dance of Rajasthan and is one of the nail biting, suspenseful dances of the state. Performed with great skill it is the art of dancing and gyrating even while maintaining a fine balancing act and poising many articles and items on one's head. Jats, Bhils, Raigars, Meenas, Charmars and Kumhars are the tribes and clans that promote the growth of this folk art. The Kalbelia tribe of the snake charmers is especially adept in this skill of balancing and he womenfolk of this clan perform a sprightly saltation while holding as many as seven to eleven earthen urns on their head.
The women folk of these tribes are used to such balancing precision due to their endeavor in the parched desert areas. A number of such urns and pots are easily carried across a distance in this fashion by the Rajasthani women who transport water from the wells/oases to their homes. Believed to have originated in the neighboring state of Gujarat, Bhawai was soon picked up and adapted by the local tribal men and women who imparted the dance a distinctive Rajasthani essence.
To give the dance a climactic turn, the performer not only balances the pots on her head but also climbs atop a plate (thali) placed on brass tumblers. The thrill comes from the fact that even a slight asymmetry can easily upset the show. The more venturesome dancers take to performing the jig on broken glass or a sword. Sometimes a dancer also balances a 'puja thali' (a plate holding the common items of worship) on her head.
The accompaniment to the dance, Bhawai is provided by the men singing melodious songs and by instruments like dholak, manjeera,pahkwaja, sarangi and the bhungal.
This fast dying out folk tradition, Bhawai, has been revived by the Government's constant promotion and by the efforts of private institutions such as the Aarangan Theatre Group and the Bhawai Lokkala Sansthan of Rajasthan. bhawai combines the nimble fineness of the Rajasthani women and their exemplary skill in such balancing acts and dance.
Rajasthani tribes and clans like the Jats, Bhils, Raigars, Meenas, Charmars and Kumhars promoted the growth of Bhawai Dance. The Kalbelia tribe of snake charmers is the most proficient in the skilful balancing act of Bhawai Dance Rajasthan. The womenfolk of this clan can perform a sprightly salutation even while balancing up to seven to eleven earthen urns on their head. It is believed that these womenfolk are adept at such balancing precision mainly because they have to venture out a lot in the parched desert areas. Quite a few such pitchers and pots are effortlessly carried across a distance in the same fashion by Rajasthani women in order to carry water from the wells or oases to their homes.
Originally believed to have originated in the neighboring state of Gujarat, Bhawai Dance Rajasthan was soon mastered by the local tribesmen and women in Rajasthan, who further added to the dance a distinctive Rajasthani essence.
An absolute thrilling act to watch for viewers, Bhawai Dance in Rajasthan India is often given a climactic turn when the performer not only balances the urns on head but also climbs atop a plate placed on brass tumblers. There is a sense of cutting edge suspense involved with Bhawai Dance Rajasthan because, even a slight asymmetry can spoil the show. Some more adventurous dancers even perform the jig on broken glass or a sword. Sometimes a Bhawai dancer can also be seen balancing a 'puja thali' (plate holding common items of worship) on her head.
Rajasthan's Traditional Dance Bhawai is accompanied by melodious songs sung by the men folk to the beats of instruments like dholak, manjeera,pahkwaja, sarangi and the bhungal.