The Ghoomar dance is a very famous and a community dance of women in Rajasthan. It is performed on various auspicious occasions like fairs & festivals. It is called as `Ghoomar`, from the `ghoomna` of Ghaghra i.e. the flowing of Ghaghra, a long skirt of the Rajasthani women. There is an amazing grace as the skirt flair slowly while the women folk twirl in circles, their faces covered with the help of the veil. The performers in Ghoomar dance sway their colorful ghagras that are rich in embroidery work and it is also embellished with mirror-work.
The Ghoomar dance is the characteristic dance of the Bhils and a community dance of the Rajputs, also which only the women traditionally perform. It is considered as one of the traditional rituals among this community. So, on the occasion of marriage, a bride is expected to dance Ghoomar after being welcomed at her husband`s home.
The ochre expanse of the Thar Desert of Rajasthan comes alive with the visual relief of its brightly dressed inhabitants; and when its dancers take the center stage, you just cannot stop tapping your feet. The Ghoomar Dance Rajasthan is one of the most popular folk dances in Rajasthan.
The performing arts of Rajasthan are in fact very rich in their traditional background and speak of a race that have passed through stages tribal primitiveness to move on to a valiant feudalism triggered by the rise of the Rajputs as a class of royalty.
Rajasthan has great variety of dances, which are simple rustic expressions of celebration and festivity. The dancers, with their vibrantly colored costumes have make Thar the most colorful desert in the world with each region adding on to the tradition, its own form of dance styles and performers.
The dances of Rajasthan trace religious traditions, royal legends and myths, while some other are performed with the simple idea of celebrating a particular festivity or fair.
The popular Ghoomar Dance in Rajasthan India is the characteristic dance of the Bhil tribe. However, it is largely associated with the royal ladies of Jaipur, who perform it on certain auspicious occasions. The Kachhwaha Clan of Rajputs who ruled Jaipur, defeated the Bhils and later acceded to a peaceful coexistence. It is therefore normal that the royalty would pick up some of the Bhil traditions and practices. The Ghoomar dance is a essentially a women's dance performed by the women for exclusively ladies' gatherings. The women performing the Ghoomar Dance Rajasthan dance in circles.
They are dressed in the traditional ghaghra and choli with chunaris. They deck up in traditional silver jewelry and glass bangles. The Ghoomar is performed during women's gatherings like the ritual of haldi during a wedding, or to entertain a queen in her personal quarters, etc.
The Bhils were an indomitable war-like tribal race. Initially they made the highways and roads a dangerous place for Jaipur's traders and commoners. Whenever the Kachhwahas tried to discipline them, they simply disappeared into the nooks and corners of the Aravallis which have been their home for centuries. Realizing the futility of this exercise, the Kachhwahas sued for peace and exempted the Bhils were from paying tribute which was however, not a very big deal since the Bhils were most unlikely to pay. In any case, after this incident, the Kachhwahas accepted the Bhils as friends of the royalty.
Women from any age group, may it be the young or old can participate in Ghoomar dance. There are simple swaying movements with special kind of footwork, to convey the spirit of any auspicious occasion. Sometimes this dance may continue for hours or the whole night. While dancing, the dancers move in a circular direction with clockwise and anti-clockwise steps. The performers sometimes unite their hands and even clap their hand in-between. The performers move gracefully on the beat of the songs in synchronizing steps. As the tempo of the dance increases, the dancers swirl fleetly.